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Skin Types, Explained.

Ever walk down an aisle full of skin care products or browse a skincare website and think “hmm i wonder what my skin type is?”. We're here to break it down for you.

Your skin type is determined by genetics and is influenced by our hormones. Each skin type has a specific set of characteristics that determines what our skin type actually is.

First let's talk about the basic functions of healthy skin:

  • Our skin provides us with a protective barrier.

  • Regulates our body temperature.

  • Prevents loss of moisture.

  • The sudoriferous glands (or sweat glands) are responsible for secreting waste substances.

  • The sebaceous glands (or oil glands) are responsible for excreting an oily substance called sebum which helps maintain healthy skin.

  • Allows us to experience heat, cold, pleasure/touch, pressure and pain.

Now that we know the functions of healthy skin, lets talk about actual skin types. There are four types of healthy skin: dry, oily, combination and normal.

Oily Skin.

Oily skin is characterized by having an overproduction of oil, usually caused by an imbalance in the skin. Oily skin typically has larger pores and looks shiny or greasy all over. Ones with oily skin are more prone to acne, due to their excess sebum production.

Dry Skin.

Someone with dry skin will typically have barely visible pores but may feel tight, rough and flaky. People with dryer skin typically have enhanced fine lines due to the lack of oil their skin produces.

Combination Skin.

Combination skin is classified by the skin being both dry but not being overly oily. Someone with combination skin will usually have a shiny t-zone and dry cheeks, along with medium to large pores.

Normal Skin.

Those with normal skin will generally have an even and smooth skin tone. When it comes to pore size, normal skin types will have small pores that are barely noticeable and no shine.

Knowing your skin type and choosing the right products for your skin are important to maintain a healthy skin barrier. If you're still unsure of your skin type, come visit our skin studio in Brooklyn and we willl help determine your skin type!


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